Bundle: console
Version 4.0.1


The Knopflerfish console bundle



The user's guide contains information about the console interfaces, the command group concept and reference documentation for the console's built in commands.


Terms, acronyms and syntax of console commands.
command group
A set of commands exported to the console from some bundle.
End Of File, close of console input.
What you are in when communicating with the console
session group
The command group for the console built in commands.

Syntax Elements

Delimiters for optional parts of a command and optional parameters.
To indicate alternate parameters.
More parameters, same type as the previous one.
Parameter to a flag.
" "
Double quotes. Used to contain parameters that have blanks in them.
Command parameter to be replaced with data.

Console Interfaces

The console bundle is not very useful on its own; it needs other bundles to supply the commands and also at least one bundle supplying a user interface. The console uses the CommandGroup service of the command supplying bundles to access commands. A console user interface bundle uses the ConsoleService service of the console bundle to execute commands ordered by the user.

The console bundle actually has some built in commands that can be used for administrative tasks, that is, managing the user session. These are the commands in the command group session.

The following bundles implement user interfaces: consoletty Basic tty console, available in the terminal window where the platform is started. consoletelnet Basic telnet console, listens on a port using the telnet protocol.

General Command Structure and Behavior

The general command format is built of:
  [ ...] [ ...]
First is the command group (all commands must belong to a command group), then the command. After the command is zero, one or more flags with possible additional parameters and finally zero, one or more parameters. See chapter [2]Terminology on page 1 for explanations of delimiters.

Note: To avoid having negative numbers interpreted as flags, negative numbers are to be written with double hyphens (as --n).

At start-up, the console is in the initial state. When entering a command the command line must begin with the command group's name, as described above. However, the session can enter a group with the session enter command. After entering a command group, commands of that group are executed without the group name as prefix. The session leave command leaves the current group and the session is back in its initial state.

Commands from other groups than the current group can be executed by prefixing the command with a slash ("/"). For example, the following would execute the shutdown command from the framework command group, regardless of the session's current group. /framework shutdown

Normally, command groups and commands may be shortened as long as they are unambiguously identifiable. As an example, in command group session, the command alias may be shortened to a as it is the only command that starts with the letter a.

Session Commands

This is the command group for the console's built in administrative commands. It contains commands for managing a session.

All of the session commands have aliases to make them quick to enter regardless of the current command group. For example, /session help has the alias help. In all the examples below, the alias versions of the session commands are used.

The commands in the session command group are:

     * alias [] [] ...
     * enter 
     * help
     * leave
     * prompt 
     * quit
     * save
     * unalias 

Command Details

Detailed description of all session commands in alphabetical order.


To set or show aliases.
  alias [] [] ...

   The command without any parameters prints a list of all existing
  > alias
  start = /framework start
  install = /framework install
  prompt = /session prompt
  lsb = /framework bundles
  fw = /session enter framework
  log = /log show
  help = /session help
  quit = /session quit
  lss = /framework services
  alias = /session alias
  unalias = /session unalias
  enter = /session enter
  stop = /framework stop
  bundles = /framework bundles
  leave = /session leave
With parameters it sets an alias to the specified value. If the alias exists, the old value is replaced with the new. With one parameter the value of that alias is shown.


Enter a command group, in effect automatically prefix all commands with the name of the command group. This makes it possible to use the short names of the group's commands.
The result is that the prompter is prefixed with the command group and all the commands in the command group are available in short form. Example: Entering a command group
  > enter framework
  framework> help
  Available framework commands:
    bundles [-help] [-1] [-i] [-l] [] ... - List bundles
    call [-help]   [] ...
      - Call a method in a registered service
    headers [-help]  ... - Show bundle header values
    package [-help]  ... - Show java package information
    install [-help] [-s]  ... - Install one or more bundles
    services [-help] [-i] [-l] [-r] [-s] [-u] [] ...
      - List registered services
    start [-help]  ... - Start one or more bundles
    stop [-help]  ... - Stop one or more bundles
    shutdown [-help] [] - Shutdown framework
    uninstall [-help] >bundle> ... - Uninstall one or more bundles
    update [-help] [-r]  ... - Update one or more bundles
It is only possible to be in one command group at a given moment. By adding a slash ("/") to the group name, commands in other gruops can be accessed.


Show help information about commands and command groups.
  help [ | all]
Lists the commands available in the specified command group, each with a short description. If no command group is specified, help for the current group is displayed. In the initial state, or if the parameter all is supplied, help shows the available command groups. Example: Display available command groups
  > help
  Available command groups:
  session - Session commands built into the console
  logconfig - Configuration commands for the log.
  log - Log commands
  framework - Framework commands
Note that this list can be longer as any installed bundle can export its own commands.


Leave a command group, that is, go back to the initial state (no current command group).
Example: Leave the current command group
  framework> leave
Note that leave only goes to the initial state, it does not go to the previous command group, if any.


Set the command prompter.
If the command group is to be visible in the prompt, a percent character ("%") should be included in the prompt string. At printout, the % character will be replaced by the command group name. Example: Changing the prompter
  > prompt "%test >"
  test >
  enter framework
  frameworktest >


Exit the session.
The console exits and loses contact with standard in.


This command saves the current aliases to persistent memory. The aliases are read next time the platform is started. save


This command removes an alias.
Example: Creating and removing an alias
  > alias more less
  > unalias more

Interface consoletty

The consoletty bundle allows local console access to the platform without the use of the http server.

If the platform starts the consoletty, it will use the text window the platform was started from.

Interface consoletcp

To allow remote console access to the platform without the use of the http server, the consoletcp bundle listens to a port on the platform. See [[3]1] information regarding the port number. Depending on configuration, the TCP console will require that the user logs in before creating a console session. See [[4]1] for more information. The user name/password authentication method is used for authentication. The Input Path is set to "tcp" and the Auhtentication Method is set to "passwd". The commands and their formats are the same as for the consoletty. To access it in a simple way, use telnet. Example: Using telnet and consoletcp
> telnet demo.gatespace.se 8999
Connected to localhost.localdomain.
Escape character is '^]'.
> help
Available command groups:
session - Session commands built into the console
osgilog - Log commands
messenger - Messenger route configuration commands.
logconfig - Configuration commands for the log.
framework - Framework commands


Environmental influences

Due to the fact that console windows may be opened in many different environments that have different capabilities, the console may seem to behave different. One example is the occurence of a "command history" in some environments. This capability is however supplied by the window manager "locally", the console does not have any command history capability.

Bundle Jar docs


Exported Packages

org.knopflerfish.service.console2.1.2console_all-4.0.1, console_api-4.0.1